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1、因此,一旦信用评级机构放大资产价格周期与信贷周期效应即引发信用风险,金融市场中的证券化资产则出现价值下降和价格下跌时,资产价值下降往往导致金融机构改革的资本不足,为了满足资本充足率的要求,金融机构往往需要抛售资产,而这会导致市场价格的进一步下跌,影响金融体系的稳定性,最终导致金融危机的爆发。

2、[关键词]中小企业创新策略我国自改革开放以来,以乡镇企业为主体的中小企业得到了迅速发展,已成为推动国民经济发展的一支重要力量。

3、同时,网络可以有效控制成本支出,如在网上公布各种物资的市场价格,必要时进行网上限价,并依据市场变化,进行合理化调整,以达到控制成本的目的。。

4、城市发展;。

5、进一步提升自主创新能力,加快科技创新体制建设,深化科技教育体制改革,促进全社会科技资源的高效配置与综合集成。。

6、关键词:金融危机放松管制金融衍生工具1.IntroductionThefinancialcrisisin2007-2008isthebiggestcrisissincetheGreatDepressionin1929-1933.Socalledassub-primemortgagecrisis,theU.S.financialindustry,meetatragicdeath,thefivelargestbanksarewipedout,therelevanteconomicdatacontinuestodeteriorate,theprospectfortheeconomyintoapessimisticexpectationandinflationarypressures.2.AnalysisofthecauseofthecrisisAsAlanGreenspanputit:fromthefinancialcrisiswehaveseentheneo-liberaladvocacyinorderto"reducethecontrolofthefinancialmarkets,privatizationnarrowthegovernment,reducingthemaximumtaxrates,liberalizationoftheinternationalcommodityandcapitalmarkets,"characterizedby"Americanmodel"thereisabigflaw.Sincethe"9.11"incident,theU.S.governmentbegancuttingtheinterestrates,thefederalbenchmarkinterestratefrom3%intheyearallthewaydowninJanuary2003to1%ofthelowestlevelinnearly30years,andmaintaineduntilJune2004.ThegovernmentwantedtoboostliquiditybyincreasingtheUnitedStatesremainsinthedoldrumsoftheeconomicsituation,however,inthesethreeyearsthepolicyofultra-lowinterestrateenvironment,liquiditydramaticallyincreasedtheU.S.realestateboom.Duetothelowinterestrate,thehousingmarketbubbleboomedinAmerica.Moreandmorehousesweresold,andmostpeoplecouldaffordthehousepayingbybankloans.Atthesametime,theproperty-valuebubbleandtheliquidityhavecontributedtotheproliferationofsubprimeloans.Thisfinancialcrisisstemsfromsuchahousingloanproducts-subprimemortgages,whichIwillanalyzelater.Ontheotherhand,aseriesofactswereissuedtoremovetheobstaclesfortheoperationofinvestmentbanksandcorporationM&A,suchas`TheGlemm-Leach-BlileyAct"and"TheCommodityFuturesModernizationAct`.Financialderivativesalsoplayedaroleinthisdisaster.Thesefinancialinstrumentswereandareameansofhedgingandtakingonrisk.In2001,theCommodityFuturesModernizationAct,writtenwiththehelpofthefinanciallobbyists,itbannedtheregulationsofderivatives.Oncetheactwasdone,theuseofderivativesandfinancialinnovationsexplodeddramaticallyafter2000.Usingderivatives,bankerscouldgambleonvirtuallyanything.ThemosttypicalderivativeisCDO;itsfullnameiscollateralizeddebtobligation,whichcombinedthousandsofmortgagesandotherloans.Amongthemortgages,thesubprimethatImentionedaccountedlargeamountoftheCDO.Subprimemortgagesareloansforrealestatethataregrantedtoinpidualswhodonothavetheabilitytoobtainaprimemortgage.Thismeansthattheborrower'sabilitytorepaytheloanisquestionablebasedonanumberofcriteria.SowecanseethattheCDOisnotstableandqualified,tosomedegree.Butbecauseofthederegulationandmoralhazard,bankersdidn’tcareaboutthequalitybutthequantities.TheinvestmentbankssoldtheCDOtoinvestorsaspossibleastheycan.Inthisway,whenhomeownerspaythEirmortgages,themoneywenttotheinvestorsallovertheworld.Atthesametime,theinvestmentbankspaidratingagenciestoevaluatetheCDO,andmanyofthemweregivenAAArating.Inthissystem,lendersdidn’tcareanymoreaboutwhetheraborrowercanrepay,andtheinvestmentbanksdidn’tcareEIther.ThemoreCDOsold,themoreprofitstheyearned.Duetothemoralhazard,theinvestmentbankspreferredsubprimeloansbecausetheycarriedhigherinterestrates.Thisledtoamassiveincreaseinlending,andmoreandmoreborrowerswereinvolvedinexpensiveloans,butmanyofborrowerscouldnotrepaythem.Thissystemisjustlikeatimebomb,whichistheweaponthatcausedthecrisis.3.ConclusionBasedontheaboveanalysis,theoriginofthefinancialcrisisismonetarypolicyofU.S.government.Andtheabuseofderivativesandfinancialinstitutions’moralhazardalsoleadit.AlthoughthefinancialcrisisboughttheUSeconomyintodisasters,thefinancialreformwhichisthemainmeasurestakenbyUSgovernmenttocopewiththecrisishavenorootedimpacttothefinancialindustry.ThefinancialcrisiswillbealleviatedbutnoteliminatedbecauseoftheinterestthatisheldbytheWallStreetandtheU.S.government.References:[1]GaryB.Gorto,TheSubprimeCrisis[EB/OL].NBERWorkingpaper,2008.[2]JianshanKe,"U.S.financialcrisis:reason.governmentinterventionandlessons".<>,Cumulatively,No116,No.8,2010。

7、(一)对安全生产形势所表现出的长期性、复杂性、艰巨性和复杂性要保持清醒认识作为安全管理者必须要有忧患意识和超前意识,克服潜意识中的惰性和厌战情绪。。

8、例如:以公允价值计量的金融资产受汇率、利率影响较大,在经济环境不稳定的时候使用公允价值计量会加剧企业经营业绩的波动;在市场信息不充分的情况下,公允价值的应用使得企业操纵利润的空间加大;公允价值计量准则对于市场不活跃时,有关资产应如何定价没有提供足够的说明指引。。

9、国外诸多学者研究的对象多是世界五百强的企业,而目前中国的企业又是以中小型企业为主,很多企业并没有核心能力,但这些企业均有自身发展的企业能力,如何把这些企业基于自身能力的发展纳入到关于核心能力的研究中,对于核心能力理论在中国发扬光大意义重大,但是目前中外学者对这方面的研究做的比较少。。

10、五、做出预算后要经常进行考评古人云:“在管理活动中,如果没有监督与考核,再美丽的天使都会变成可怕的恶魔。。

11、组织教科研骨干到兄弟学校参观学习,拜师学艺,推进我校名师工程。。

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